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Default Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology B.E. - Automobile Engineering SPHA1101 Physics for Engineers Syllabus

Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology B.E. - Automobile Engineering SPHA1101 Physics for Engineers Syllabus

SATHYABAMA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SCHOOL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

SPHA1101 PHYSICS FOR ENGINEERS
L T P Credits Total Marks
4 0 0 4 100

UNIT 1 BASIS OF QUANTUM PHYSICS. 12 Hrs.
Introduction –electromagnetic waves - Photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, photons, Franck-Hertz experiment, Bohr
atom, electron diffraction, wave - particle duality of radiation, de Broglie waves, wave-particle duality of matter. Physical
interpretation of wave function, conditions to be satisfied for an acceptable wave function, normalized wave function, wave
packets, Heisenberg uncertainty principle - statement, applications to radius of Bohr’s first orbit and to energy of particle in
1D box. Operators associated with different observables, Schrodinger Equation – stationary states - Eigen value, Eigen
function. Physical applications of Schrödinger's equation to (i) square well potential in one dimension: transmission and
reflection coefficient at a barrier. Application of barrier penetration-α decay, field-ionization and scanning tunnelling
microscope

UNIT 2 PHYSICS OF SOLIDS. 12 Hrs.
Structure of solids - Bloch Theorem and Origin of energy bands, band structure of conductors, semiconductors (n-type and
p-type), insulators, half metals, semi metals. Metals - Free Electron Theory of metals, Fermi level, Fermi surface, density of
states. Wiede-mann Franz Law- Derivation. Semiconductors-Direct and indirect band gap, derivation of intrinsic carrier
concentration in terms of energy band gap, experimental determination of energy band gap.
Superconductors- Properties, BCS theory - energy gap, AC & DC Josephson effect, Superconducting Quantum
Interference Device, Cryotron, Magnetic levitation.

UNIT 3 MAGNETISM, LASER FUNDAMENTALS AND OPTO ELECTRONICS. 9 Hrs.
Magnetism-Bohr magneton, magnetic moments due to electron spin, Ferromagnetism-Weiss theory-Energies involved in
domain formation, Hysteresis. Magnetic bubbles - formation and propagation. Nano magnets and magneto resistance,spin
valve using GMR and TMR – hard disk drive storage technology. Lasers-Spontaneous and stimulated emission, condition
for Laser action, Einstein Coefficients, relation between spontaneous and stimulated emission probability. Injection Laser
Diode (ILD). Quantum Cascade Laser, Comparison between ILD and QCL.

UNIT 4 THERMAL PHYSICS. 12 Hrs.
Laws of thermodynamics-basic concepts, closed and open systems-first law. Heat transfer-thermal expansion of solids and
liquids – expansion joints-bimetallic strips, thermal conduction, convection and radiation. Conduction in solids – thermal
conductivity- Forbe’s method, Lees’ disc method, conduction through compound media, formation of ice on ponds, thermal
insulation, applications- heat exchangers, refrigerators, ovens and solar water heaters. Thermal Convection - properties of
radiant heat, sea and land breeze. Prevost’s theory of heat exchanges. Thermal Radiation – emission and absorption
radiation, emissive power, black body radiation – Kirchoff’s, Stefan’s laws, wien’s law, Newton’s law of cooling.

UNIT 5 SENSORS AND DEVICES. 12 Hrs.
Introduction- measurands and measurement, basic concepts, types, mechanism, examples, significance and drawbacks,
applications of each of pressure sensors, temperature sensors, vibration sensors, acoustic sensors, LDR and photo diode,
pressure gauge-bourdon tube, magnetic sensors – Hall sensors, strain gauge-strain sensitivity.
Max.60 Hrs.

CORUSE OUTCOMES
On completion of the course, student will be able to
CO1 - Identify the basic concepts in quantum mechanics, magnetism, lasers, superconductors, semiconductors
and in thermal physics.
CO2 - Analyze the band structure of various materials.
CO3 - Apply the wave mechanical concepts to determine the radius of Bohr atom, transmission and reflection
coefficient.
CO4 - Generate equation of motion of matter waves and to solve for cases related with 1D square well potential,
linear harmonic oscillator and barrier penetration.
CO5 - Compare the efficiency of various memory storage devices, heat exchanger devices, opto electronic devices
and sensors.
CO6 - Determine the thermal conductivity of conducting and insulting materials, convective heat transfer coefficient,
emissivity, rate of cooling, etc.

TEXT / REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Griffiths, David J. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004. ISBN: 9780131118928.
2. Shankar, Ramamurti. Principles of Quantum Mechanics. Plenum Press, 1994. SBN: 9780306447907.
3. Mahesh C Jain, Quantum Mechanics: A Textbook for Undergraduates, 2017.
4. Kittel, Charles. Introduction to Solid State Physics. 8th Edition, New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2004. ISBN:
9780471415268.
5. Ashcroft, Neil W., and N. David Mermin. Solid State Physics. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976. ISBN:
9780030839931.
6. William D. Callister, & David G. Rethwisch, Materials Science & Engineering -An Introduction, 9th Edition,2013.
SBN: 9781118319222.
7. R.Asokamani, Solid State Physics, second edition, Easwar press, 2015 ISBN: 9781904798835.
8. R.K.Gaur & S.L.Gupta - Engineering Physics, Dhanpat Rai publication, 2007 Edition.
9. P. Bhattacharya, Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices, Prentice Hall of India, 1997.
10. J. Singh, Semiconductor Optoelectronics: Physics and Technology, McGraw Hill Inc., 1995.
11. G. Keiser, Optical Fiber Communications, McGraw-Hill Inc., 3rd Edition, 2000.
12. Heat and Thermodynamics, D.S.Mathur, Sultan Chand, 1995.
13. Heat and Thermodynamics BrijLal, N. Subrahmanyam, S. Chand Limited, 2001.

END SEMESTER EXAMINATION QUESTION PAPER PATTERN
Max Marks: 100 Exam Duration: 3 Hrs.
PART A: 10 Questions of 2 marks each 20 Marks
PART B: 2 Questions from each unit of internal choice; each carrying 16 marks 80 Marks
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