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Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology B.E.  Automobile Engineering SPHA1101 Physics for Engineers Syllabus SATHYABAMA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SCHOOL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SPHA1101 PHYSICS FOR ENGINEERS L T P Credits Total Marks 4 0 0 4 100 UNIT 1 BASIS OF QUANTUM PHYSICS. 12 Hrs. Introduction –electromagnetic waves  Photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, photons, FranckHertz experiment, Bohr atom, electron diffraction, wave  particle duality of radiation, de Broglie waves, waveparticle duality of matter. Physical interpretation of wave function, conditions to be satisfied for an acceptable wave function, normalized wave function, wave packets, Heisenberg uncertainty principle  statement, applications to radius of Bohr’s first orbit and to energy of particle in 1D box. Operators associated with different observables, Schrodinger Equation – stationary states  Eigen value, Eigen function. Physical applications of Schrödinger's equation to (i) square well potential in one dimension: transmission and reflection coefficient at a barrier. Application of barrier penetrationα decay, fieldionization and scanning tunnelling microscope UNIT 2 PHYSICS OF SOLIDS. 12 Hrs. Structure of solids  Bloch Theorem and Origin of energy bands, band structure of conductors, semiconductors (ntype and ptype), insulators, half metals, semi metals. Metals  Free Electron Theory of metals, Fermi level, Fermi surface, density of states. Wiedemann Franz Law Derivation. SemiconductorsDirect and indirect band gap, derivation of intrinsic carrier concentration in terms of energy band gap, experimental determination of energy band gap. Superconductors Properties, BCS theory  energy gap, AC & DC Josephson effect, Superconducting Quantum Interference Device, Cryotron, Magnetic levitation. UNIT 3 MAGNETISM, LASER FUNDAMENTALS AND OPTO ELECTRONICS. 9 Hrs. MagnetismBohr magneton, magnetic moments due to electron spin, FerromagnetismWeiss theoryEnergies involved in domain formation, Hysteresis. Magnetic bubbles  formation and propagation. Nano magnets and magneto resistance,spin valve using GMR and TMR – hard disk drive storage technology. LasersSpontaneous and stimulated emission, condition for Laser action, Einstein Coefficients, relation between spontaneous and stimulated emission probability. Injection Laser Diode (ILD). Quantum Cascade Laser, Comparison between ILD and QCL. UNIT 4 THERMAL PHYSICS. 12 Hrs. Laws of thermodynamicsbasic concepts, closed and open systemsfirst law. Heat transferthermal expansion of solids and liquids – expansion jointsbimetallic strips, thermal conduction, convection and radiation. Conduction in solids – thermal conductivity Forbe’s method, Lees’ disc method, conduction through compound media, formation of ice on ponds, thermal insulation, applications heat exchangers, refrigerators, ovens and solar water heaters. Thermal Convection  properties of radiant heat, sea and land breeze. Prevost’s theory of heat exchanges. Thermal Radiation – emission and absorption radiation, emissive power, black body radiation – Kirchoff’s, Stefan’s laws, wien’s law, Newton’s law of cooling. UNIT 5 SENSORS AND DEVICES. 12 Hrs. Introduction measurands and measurement, basic concepts, types, mechanism, examples, significance and drawbacks, applications of each of pressure sensors, temperature sensors, vibration sensors, acoustic sensors, LDR and photo diode, pressure gaugebourdon tube, magnetic sensors – Hall sensors, strain gaugestrain sensitivity. Max.60 Hrs. CORUSE OUTCOMES On completion of the course, student will be able to CO1  Identify the basic concepts in quantum mechanics, magnetism, lasers, superconductors, semiconductors and in thermal physics. CO2  Analyze the band structure of various materials. CO3  Apply the wave mechanical concepts to determine the radius of Bohr atom, transmission and reflection coefficient. CO4  Generate equation of motion of matter waves and to solve for cases related with 1D square well potential, linear harmonic oscillator and barrier penetration. CO5  Compare the efficiency of various memory storage devices, heat exchanger devices, opto electronic devices and sensors. CO6  Determine the thermal conductivity of conducting and insulting materials, convective heat transfer coefficient, emissivity, rate of cooling, etc. TEXT / REFERENCE BOOKS 1. Griffiths, David J. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004. ISBN: 9780131118928. 2. Shankar, Ramamurti. Principles of Quantum Mechanics. Plenum Press, 1994. SBN: 9780306447907. 3. Mahesh C Jain, Quantum Mechanics: A Textbook for Undergraduates, 2017. 4. Kittel, Charles. Introduction to Solid State Physics. 8th Edition, New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2004. ISBN: 9780471415268. 5. Ashcroft, Neil W., and N. David Mermin. Solid State Physics. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976. ISBN: 9780030839931. 6. William D. Callister, & David G. Rethwisch, Materials Science & Engineering An Introduction, 9th Edition,2013. SBN: 9781118319222. 7. R.Asokamani, Solid State Physics, second edition, Easwar press, 2015 ISBN: 9781904798835. 8. R.K.Gaur & S.L.Gupta  Engineering Physics, Dhanpat Rai publication, 2007 Edition. 9. P. Bhattacharya, Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices, Prentice Hall of India, 1997. 10. J. Singh, Semiconductor Optoelectronics: Physics and Technology, McGraw Hill Inc., 1995. 11. G. Keiser, Optical Fiber Communications, McGrawHill Inc., 3rd Edition, 2000. 12. Heat and Thermodynamics, D.S.Mathur, Sultan Chand, 1995. 13. Heat and Thermodynamics BrijLal, N. Subrahmanyam, S. Chand Limited, 2001. END SEMESTER EXAMINATION QUESTION PAPER PATTERN Max Marks: 100 Exam Duration: 3 Hrs. PART A: 10 Questions of 2 marks each 20 Marks PART B: 2 Questions from each unit of internal choice; each carrying 16 marks 80 Marks 
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